Uko wahagera

Urucandago rwa Malariya Ruzageragezwa mu Bihugu 3 by'Afurika


Ikimemeyetso c'ishirahamwe OMS

Ishami rya ONU ryita ku buzima OMS, ryahisemo Ghana, Kenya na Malawi nk’ibihugu bizatangwamo urukiko rwa malariya bwa mbere kw’isi. Ruzageragerezwa ku bana bato mu mwaka utaha.

Urwo rukingo ruzwi kw’izina rya RTS, S cyangwa Mosquirix, ruzatangwa mu rushinge. Rwakozwe n’isosiyeti y’imiti yo mu Bwongereza GlaxoSmithKline. Ruzageragerezwa ku mpinja n’ibitambambuga bafite hagati y’amezi atanu na cumi n’arindwi. Malariya ni indwara yica iterwa n’umubu w’ingore uyikwiza mu bantu warumye.

Mu itangazo ryayo, OMS yavuze ko iyo gahunda yo kugerageza urukingo rwa malariya izigirwamo uburyo ruzahabwa abo rugenewe mu byiciro bine. Iyo gahunda izasuzuma kandi akamaro k’urwo rukingo mu kugabanya impfu z’abana, hanarebwe niba nta ngaruka rufite ku buzima bw’uruhawe.

“Kwumva ko urukingo rwa malariya rugiye gutangwa ni inkuru nziza. Amakuru azakusanywa muri uwo mushinga w’icyitegererezo, azafasha gufata ibyemezo ku buryo urwo rukingo rwakoresha ku buryo bwaguye”. Ibyo byavuzwe na muganga Matshidiso Moeti, umuyobozi muri OMS ushinzwe akarere k’Afurika.

Mu buryo busanzwe bukoreshwa mu guhangana na malariya harimo gukoresha inzitira mibu ziteye umuti no gutera imiti yica udukoko mu mazu.

Mu mwaka w’2015, abantu bagera mu 429,000 bahitanywe na malariya muri Afurika. Bari biganjemo abana. Ibikorwa rusange byo kurwanya malariya kw’isi hagati y’umwaka w’i 2000 n’uwa 2015 cyakora byatumye impfu zituruka kuri malariya zigabanuka kuri 62 kw’ijana.

Nk’uko OMS ibivuga, Afurika niyo yibasiwe cyane na malariya kw’isi. Muri uwo mwaka wa 2015, Afurika yo munsi y’ubutayu bwa Sahara yabonetsemo 90 kw’ijana by’abantu barwaye malariya. Ni naho habonetse 90 kw’ijana by’abahitanywe na Malaria.

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